Good eye health is essential for life. Inadequate eye care can have a negative impact on people’s daily quality, affecting their vision and limiting everyday tasks such as reading, writing, driving or walking.
When an eye disease is detected, it will prevent us from maintaining a good quality of life and in more extreme cases, vision loss. That’s why having good eye health will be the key to preventing future complications and enjoying healthy, healthy vision.
A key factor that can alter eye health is oxidative stress. This process also occurs in the eye, as well as in other parts of the body. It can damage their structures, produce cell death and cause multiple eye pathologies. To protect ourselves from stress, it will be essential to maintain a healthy life and a balanced diet rich in antioxidants.
In this sense, it will be very important to carry out regular ophthalmological checks, not only by adults but also at an early age, in children from the age of 3 years, to detect ophthalmic disorders that could be resolved if detected early.
Maintaining good eye health is very important and health insurance offers you quick access to specialists and diagnostic tests.
Most frequent pathologies affecting eye health
Among the most frequent are the following:
- Conjunctivitis: is an inflammation of the conjunctiva caused by an infection (bacteria, viruses, fungi, chlamydia, etc.), allergens (pollen, drugs, etc.), physical and/or chemical irritants. Eye inflammation is a very common, benign, usually bilateral, painless eye inflammation that manifests with discomfort, and there is no pupil involvement or decreased vision. It works with conjunctival injection, moderate or abundant secretion, absence of pain, eye itching, sensation of foreign body and slight photophobia. It accounts for 30 to 90% of ocular processes and is generally self-limiting.
- Blepharitis: is an inflammation that occurs on the edge of the eyelids with global or partial location. It usually manifests itself with hyperemia, thickening, inflammation of the conjunctiva and formation of scales or scabs (seborrheic blepharitis) or superficial ulcers (ulcerative blepharitis). There is also loss and reversal of the usual eyelash position, which is directed towards the cornea.
- Stye: An acute infection located in the eyelid or palpebral rim. It usually presents with a symptomatology characterized by edema, heat, redness and eye discomfort. An abscess appears that is spontaneously reabsorbed or drained outwards.
- Glaucoma: this is caused by an increase in intraocular pressure caused by the abnormal evacuation of the aqueous humour, which results in lesions in the optical fibers and causes loss of visual acuity and, in some cases, blindness.
- Presbyopia is a Greek word for “old eye” and refers to the progressive loss of focusing power of the lens, which is related to age and causes difficulty seeing nearby objects. It is therefore a physiological condition, and not pathological, and the most frequent age of onset is between 40 and 50 years of age. It is characterized by eye fatigue, headaches, difficulty in seeing up close when reading, writing or sewing, need for greater illumination to see clearly, need to remove glasses to be able to see up close or difficulty in focusing from one object to another.
- Red eye: may be due to a wide range of diseases related to the anterior pole of the eye, such as conjunctivitis, keratitis, uveitis, conjunctival hemorrhage or even acute glaucoma. In any case, it will be necessary to rule out serious problems that require urgent review by the specialist.
Most consulted eye diseases in Brill Pharma
What problems can affect your eye health?
Cataracts, damage to the retina and other very serious pathologies such as melanoma or macular degeneration. These are some of the problems your eyes can have. Maintaining good eye health is very important and health insurance offers you quick access to specialists and diagnostic tests.
According to the World Health Organization,”visual impairment can limit people’s ability to perform daily tasks and affect their quality of life and their ability to interact with the surrounding world. ONCE warns that many serious vision problems can be avoided simply by proper prevention. The message of the National Organization of the Blind, while positive and hopeful, is also realistic, because it is based on the conviction of the importance of prevention and they are aware that prevention is not going to “solve all the problems, much less, they are only trying to” carry the message that it is possible to prevent and that prevention begins with oneself “.
WHO also fully agrees with the importance of the message aimed at prevention. Most diseases that cause visual impairment and blindness can be easily prevented or treated with known and cost-effective interventions. As early as 2010, it estimated the estimated number of people with visual impairment worldwide at more than 285 million people, 39 million of whom were blind.
Major eye diseases
As the ONCE points out,”blindness is the most severe form of visual impairment because it can reduce people’s ability to perform daily tasks or walk without help.
In upper-middle- and high-income countries, retinal disease is the leading cause of visual impairment; and it is estimated that up to 80 per cent of cases of visual impairment and blindness in adults are either preventable or treatable.
The most common and also most serious eye diseases are cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma, corneal and retina diseases, eye cancer, etc.
For example, eye cancer is rare and can occur on the outside (eyelids) or inside. The problem with this cancer is that cancer cells can reach other parts of the body if they metastasize. As for macular degeneration, there are several types and one of them is associated with age, with a higher incidence from the age of 60.
Another important disease is glaucoma, also called silent blindness. It consists of progressive damage to the optic nerve, which is characterized by loss of vision and is usually caused by increased pressure inside the eye. The cornea is another important “piece” of the eye that suffers from diseases such as ulcers, keratitis, dystrophy, etc.
Treatment and prevention to maintain optimal eye health
Many of the above-mentioned diseases are irreversible, so early detection will be essential to slow their progression. You will probably know that depending on the disease, the treatment will be more or less invasive. For example, some less serious illnesses can be treated with glasses and a correct prescription of the crystals.
Early detection will be essential to slow progress
At the other end of the spectrum, you would have surgical treatments such as traditional surgery or laser surgery, with which even corneal transplants can be performed.
Watch out! Sometimes something as simple as buying quality sunglasses with glasses certified according to EU health requirements, which set quality standards, can make the difference between suffering a serious illness over time, or not. You don’t have to spend a lot of money on big firms. Just buy with head to avoid eye damage that can be fatal and irreversible.
Periodic check-ups and prevention are essential to maintain good eye health.
Periodic check-ups and prevention are essential to maintain good eye health. To this end, having the backing of health insurance can be a great help. When it comes to performing some kind of diagnostic test, having the speed and agility of access offered by private health insurance will always be an important tool for you, for example tests such as intraocular pressure or tear-function tests may be necessary.
Besides being able to carry out diagnostic tests, in order to maintain a good preventive line, it is good to have access to the necessary subspecialties at the right time, it will always be of great help, not to mention the quick access to surgical techniques.
Sight is one of the most important senses, and the eyes are one of the most fragile organs.